5 Foods Nursing Mothers Must Avoid

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You spent the last nine months streamlining what you eat and drink in order to ensure that what you put in your stomach does not affect your baby’s development. Now that you are nursing your baby, you still have to be careful of what you eat. It is, therefore, essential that mothers maintain regular meals when breastfeeding to acquire important nutrients and also to increase their breast milk. Regardless, we share some foods women should avoid while breastfeeding.

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1.Fish

You don’t need to abandon fish completely, but you need to be selective about what types of seafood you eat. Some fishes can be high in mercury, which can find its way into your milk supply. So, before you eat any fish especially the packaged ones, ensure it does not have mercury.

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2. Alcohol

Alcohol can get into your breast milk and can negatively affect your child. It is advisable to avoid it but if you have to drink, it will take 1-2 hours for it to dissolve. That means you have to wait for that number of hours if you do not want to feed your baby with breast milk mixed with alcohol. Just don’t drink alcohol.

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3. Caffeine

For women who love coffee, they have to wait after breastfeeding before they resume drinking it. It’s important to know that caffeine also finds its way into your breast milk. If this is the case, your baby’s body will be unable to process the caffeine as quickly as an adult’s body. You do not want to keep your baby awake.

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4. Garlic and ginger

Garlic and ginger can smell in your breastmilk. If you find that your baby is reluctant to nurse, it may be because you have eaten garlic or ginger.

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5. Dairy products

Normally, breastfeeding your baby with milk or other dairy products in the early stages of breastfeeding is not encouraged. It can affect the full development of your baby.  So, you should avoid downing milk or any other dairy products.

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Meet the mathematician teaching maths in Igbo and Nigerian pidgin

In June 2017, Nigeria’s Minister for Science and Technology, Dr. Ogbonnaya Onu, reportedly said plans were being made to teach Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) subjects in indigenous languages.

There was an opinion as to why this was not a good idea. Even though this opinion had its own strong points, maybe there is more to consider.

Considering the low level of adoption of STEM subjects and career paths in Nigeria, teaching them in indigenous languages may not be a bad idea after all.

Even before the government made this announcement, a mathematics teacher in the Port Harcourt, Rivers State had already adopted the local language medium. Cynthia Onwuchuruba Bryte-Chinule has been teaching her students mathematics in Igbo and Nigerian pidgin for a while now.

Cynthia is a mathematics graduate of the Nnamdi Azikiwe University in Anambra State. She is the founder of PEEL Initiative, a non-profit organisation particularly interested in improving education in Africa especially mathematics and impacting the lives of underprivileged kids through education.

I chatted with Cynthia and she shared insights on STEM adoption in Nigeria, mathematics as a feared subject, marriage and revamping education in Africa.

Victor Ekwealor of Techpoint (VE)Where did the idea of teaching in indigenous languages come from?.

Cynthia Bryte-Chinule (CBC):  I run free tutoring programmes. Every Saturday I teach over 40 kids, on Thursdays at the Port Harcourt Remand Home. Most of them are school dropouts who do not understand the English language.

Apart from the fact that I studied Mathematics in school, I personally love the subject so I thought to spice things up a bit. I felt English language shouldn’t be a hindrance to learning mathematics. So I tried a different method.

I gave them the maths questions in Nigerian pidgin and concepts they could relate with. For example, trying to find the sum of 5+7 became;  ‘If you carry 5 yam join am with another seven yam, how many yam you go get?’ in Pidgin.

VEWhere did the Igbo language enter the picture?

CBC: I am Igbo so that was a no-brainer. Even though I could not teach all my students in Igbo because of their diverse ethnic backgrounds, I still made short video tutorials on Facebook and YouTube in Igbo and Nigerian pidgin.

VEHow did you compress whole mathematics topics into short videos?

CBC: The thing about the videos is I don’t teach regular classroom maths in them, they’re more like maths tricks and hacks to make the subject more interesting and relatable. Like showing you how to multiply 9999 by 89 in a few seconds.

VEHave you been able to measure the impact of these videos?

CBC: The comments and feedback I get on my Facebook and WhatsApp groups and the community on Instagram show that people love them. I see a lot of interest is being stimulated and that is the sole essence of the exercise; to show people maths is not that difficult.

I made Igbo and Pidgin versions of videos and tutorials on mathematics but I discovered the Igbo ones got wider acceptance. This generation of ‘slay kings and queens’ do not really know how to speak their language, so most want to learn. In my very first Igbo video, I used some English words to gauge engagement and people commented and gave feedback on the Igbo equivalents of the words.

VEThere’s a problem with STEM subjects and fields in Nigeria. Do you think using local languages as an instructional medium will change anything?

CBC: I think local languages have a great role to play in teaching STEM subjects in Nigeria, especially mathematics. I remember the first time I made a video in Igbo language, it was trending within my community and outside, people shared it and were excited.

For instance, the kids I teach are from different ethnic backgrounds, and most do not understand English. I discovered teaching in English was a waste of time. Most do not know what “addition” means so you have to tell them “join am together”. To make STEM subjects widely accepted and understood in Nigeria, language mediums that are easily understood by the students have to be employed.

VEEven though they naturally thrive in STEM courses, there is an even lower level of participation for the girl child in STEM careers in Nigeria. What do you think is the reason for this and how can this be remedied?

CBC: The Nigerian system, culture and parents do not really encourage girls in STEM. They mostly always say things like, “You’re a girl, do a ‘soft’ course”. When I was in the University, we were only four girls in my class studying mathematics. We always got weird looks and jokes, but I knew mathematics was just like any other course.

Guess what, I graduated as the best in my department with a First Class. Even though this isn’t really a gender thing, it shows that girls can be even be better in STEM. Women are usually better than men with details and this gives us an even better disposition to STEM courses.

We need to continually encourage the Nigerian girl child.

Being a long-term mentor to these girls is also very important as a one-day seminar cannot change this mindset. They have to be continually guided and disabused of these toxic notions. I authored a book, “Academic Without Tears”, and I have my contact details behind it. I give this book out during my programmes too. I create a platform for effective communication with these students as mentoring cannot be overemphasised. Academic and career mentoring is key.

At the PEEL Initiative, we have annual leadership conferences where we are intentional about this. Also there are motivational rounds in secondary schools where we tell girls they can be all they want to be, STEM or not. Just help them be bold enough to do what they want.

VE: What exactly does the PEEL initiative do?

CBC: We empower and provide quality education, develop leadership potential and meet the human needs of the youth. For education, we want to revamp Africa’s educational system especially in mathematics and make sure underprivileged kids get an education. We have an annual scholarship scheme for the kids.

VEHow do you know what kids qualify for these aids?

CBC: It is very hard determining eligibility but we stick with kids that are still in school, showing signs of seriousness and unable to keep up with their fees. It is very important they are still in school; I tried to help kids that were out of school but I had lots of challenges. One is that with them, you might not be able to determine seriousness when the person is already out of school so it was hard for me because of all the wasted money, effort, and time. So now, we go as far as paying the fees ourselves and verifying at the schools and homes of these students.

To qualify for the scholarship, we have a summit and over 600 students write an exam. The exam consists of basic maths and an essay on why they need the scholarships. For the essay, we are grading their reasoning over grammar and English correctness.

After the exams, some people get academic scholarships while others get skill scholarships in bead making, web design, blogging and others.

VEThis scholarship and support scheme is restricted to Rivers State and until the students leave secondary school. Any plans to expand its geographical and class scope in the future?

CBC: Even though I have been volunteering and doing social services for more than 7 years, I have been concentrated on this niche for 4 years now. PEEL was registered in August 2016 so, we are still young.

There are definite plans to expand this programme in every way in the nearest future. We tell our students on scholarships they can renew it by maintaining good grades.

VEYou are away Thursdays, Saturdays and some other days of the week. As a married woman, has your choice of career ever caused any sort of friction with your husband?

CBC: It has not in any way whatsoever. My husband has actually been very instrumental to my journey so far. Apart from being a very understanding person, he is luckily a public servant in terms of volunteers. He understands my schedule and even offers to help with my free tutoring classes sometimes.

VEWhat have been the challenges been so far?

CBC: Funding. We are bootstrapping and most of the monies that go into these projects are from my own pocket, there has not been any external funding so far. When I had a full-time job, I put all my earnings back into the project.

We have currently reached out to organisations to help and are waiting for them to respond. But I believe I don’t have to wait for funds to do what has to be done. I’ll keep on at the level I can. Now we have a maths tutoring programme, Maths Afrique, that is going to be a sustainability model for the whole structure. Maths Afrique offers paid mathematics tutors for students.

Even with Maths Afrique, there is still the challenge of clients not fully understanding the services on offer and trying to underpay. But we will overcome with time.

CREDITS: This article is written by Victor Ekwealor. It was first published on https://techpoint.ng/2018/01/18/cynthia-bryte-chinule-maths-teacher-igbo-pidgin/

34 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT NIGERIA MOST SCHOOLS WOULDN’T TEACH YOU. By @Ikechuqwu

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  1. A LEADERSHIP MIX OF EX MILITARY OR TEACHER – Since 1960, Nigeria has been either ruled by an ex-lecturer/ex-teacher or military man. The only exceptions are Azikiwe and Shonekan.

Image result for Presidential Suite of Federal Palace Hotel2. If you visited Lagos in 1975, you could spend a day at the Presidential Suite of Federal Palace Hotel for N100, single room for N19.

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3. Patience Jonathan is one of Nigeria’s most-educated First Ladies, with an NCE, a B.Ed, and a PhD from University of Port-Harcourt.

4. The Pidgin word ‘Sabi’ came from ‘Saber’, Portuguese and Spanish for ‘to know’. Both country’s ships traded slaves from the Bight of Benin.

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5. Katsina College (now Barewa College in Zaria) has produced 5 Nigerian Presidents/Heads of State and 20 Governors since it was founded in 1921 in Katsina.

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6. Colonel Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu taught Murtala Mohammed and Ben Adekunle at Regular Officers Special Training School, Ghana. Both ‘fought’ their teacher during the civil war.

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7. At Nigeria’s independence in 1960, there were 41 Secondary Schools in the North and 842 Secondary Schools in the South.

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8. In 1983, Senator Arthur Nzeribe spent $16.5 million to win a Senatorial seat in Orlu (in Imo State).

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9. In 1973, the Federal Government of Nigeria considered officially changing the name of “Lagos” to “Eko”. Regarding “Lagos” as a colonial name.

10. The geographical area now referred to as Nigeria was once referred to as ‘Soudan’ and ‘Nigiritia’.

11. Offences punishable by death sentence after the 1966 coup included embezzlement, rape and homosexuality.

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12. MKO Abiola was named Kashimawo (Let us wait and see) by his parents. He was his father’s twenty-third child, but the first to survive infancy.

13. Jollof rice, chicken breast, serve of ice cream, tea, coffee or Bournvita, with full cream milk and sugar: Meal Cost = 50Kobo- Unilag in the late 1970s.

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14. At the point of death in 1989, Sam Okwaraji the footballer was a PhD candidate and qualified lawyer with an LL.M in International Law (University of Rome).

Image result for first bank15. When British Bank of West Africa (now First Bank) opened a branch in Kano in 1929, Alhassan Dantata (Dangote’s Grandfather) opened an account depositing 20 camel-loads of silver coins.

16. MKO Abiola died suddenly on July 7, 1998, exactly one month after General Sani Abacha died mysteriously on June 8, 1998.

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17. Agbani Darego was the only one to wear a maillot as opposed to a bikini during the Miss Universe contest in 2001.

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18. The surgeon who ‘killed’ Stella Obasanjo was sentenced to 1 year in prison, disqualified for 3 years and fined €120,000.

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19. The ‘Ankara’ material is not indigenous to Nigeria. Our indigenous textiles include the Akwete, Ukara, Aso-Oke and Adire.

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20. George Goldie, who played a major role in founding Nigeria, placed a curse on anyone who attempts to write his biography.

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21. Hausa Language indigenous to Northern Nigeria is spoken in 11 African States. Germany, French, U.S., and British International radio stations broadcast in Hausa.

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22. The word ‘asiri’ means ‘secret’ in Hausa, Yoruba, Nupe and Igarra. It also means ‘gossip’ in Igbo.

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23. Igbo-Ora in Oyo State, Kodinji in India and Candido Godoi in Brazil are the towns that produce the highest number of twin births in the world.

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24. In 1978, a 50Kobo increase (from N1.50 to N2.0 in the cost of University Students’ meal per day caused the ‘Ali Must Go’ protests.

Image result for Coal City Enugu25. Albert E. Kitson discovered coal in Enugu in 1909. This discovery led to the building of Port-Harcourt town in 1912.

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26. In 1895, Koko of Nembe (now in Bayelsa) took 60 white men hostage. When the British refused his demands, more than 40 of those men were eaten.

Image result for Naira27. The ‘Naira’ was coined by Chief Obafemi Awolowo when he was serving as the Federal Commissioner of Finance.

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28. The pilot (Francis Osakwe) that flew Ojukwu away from Biafra (1970) was the same pilot that flew Gowon to Uganda (last flight as Head of State).

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29. In 1986, Shehu Usman Aliyu Shagari was banned from participation in politics for life. The ban has still not been lifted.

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30. Koma Hill (settlement in Adamawa where people lived and practised the killing of twins) was discovered in 1986 by a NYSC corps member.

31. As the wife of the deputy Head of State (Vice President of Nigeria) in 1984, Biodun Idiagbon personally ran a small ice cream shop in Ilorin.

32. Koma Hills (Adamawa State) inhabitants when discovered were observed to engage in the practise of borrowing wives among themselves.

33. Juju, Dashiki, Yam and Okra are words in the English dictionary that originated from ethnic groups located in present day Nigeria.

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34. Nigeria has more English speakers than England, and more Muslims than Saudi Arabia and Syria.

11 Secrets to Becoming Rich, Successful, and Happy in 2018

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Even though we all define “rich” differently — and we should — most of us factor at least some degree of wealth into our equations.

Yet we also want to feel successful. You don’t have to make a lot of money to be a success.

And we definitely want to be happy.

Can you have all three? Sure. It isn’t easy, but it is possible. Here’s how:

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1. Stop focusing on money.

While it sounds counterintuitive, maintaining a laser-like focus on how much you make distracts you from doing the things that truly contribute to building and growing wealth.

So shift your perspective. See money not as the primary goal but as a byproduct of doing the right things.

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2. Start tracking how many people you help, if only in a small way.

The most successful people I know — both financially and in other ways — are shockingly helpful. They’re incredibly good at understanding other people and helping them achieve their goals. They know their success is ultimately based on the success of the people around them.

So they work hard to make other people successful: their employees, their customers, their vendors and suppliers… because they know if they can do that then their own success will surely follow.

And they will have built a business — or a career — they can be truly proud of.

3. Stop thinking about money and start thinking about service.

When you only have a few customers and your goal is to make a lot of money, you need to find ways to squeeze every last dollar out of every transaction.

But when you find a way to serve a million people, many other benefits follow. Word of mouth is hugely magnified. The feedback you receive is exponentially greater — and so are your opportunities to improve your products and services. You get to hire more employees and benefit from their experience, their skills, and their overall awesomeness.

And in time, your business becomes something you never dreamed of — because your customers and your employees have taken you to places you couldn’t even imagine.

Serve a million people — and serve them really well — and the money will follow.

4. See making money as a way to make more things.

Generally speaking, there are two types of people. One makes things because they want to make money; the more things they make, the more money they make. What they make doesn’t really matter that much to them — they’ll make anything as long as it pays.

The other wants to make money because it allows them to make more things. They want to improve their product. They want to extend their line. They want to write another book, record another song, produce another movie. They love what they make and they see making money as a way to do even more of what they love. They dream of building a company that makes the best things possible… and making money is the way to fuel that dream and build that company they love.

While it is certainly possible to find that one product that everyone wants and grow rich by selling that product… most successful businesses evolve and grow and, as they make money, reinvest that money in a relentless pursuit of excellence.

Like Walt Disney said, “We don’t make movies to make money, we make money to make more movies.”

5. Find your happiness in the success of others.

Great business teams win because their most talented members are willing to sacrifice to make others happy. Great teams are made up of employees who help each other, know their roles, set aside personal goals, and value team success over everything else.

Where does that attitude come from? You. Almost every truly successful entrepreneur feels a major chunk of his or her happiness comes from enjoying the success of employees and customers.

Do you?

6. Cultivate dignity and respect.

Providing employees with higher pay, better benefits, and greater opportunities is certainly important. But no level of pay and benefits can overcome damage to self-esteem and self-worth.

The most important thing truly successful entrepreneurs provide employees, customers, vendors — everyone they meet — is dignity.

And so should you, because when you do, everything else follows.

7. Do one thing better…

Pick one thing you’re already better at than most people. Just. One. Thing. Become maniacally focused at doing that one thing. Work. Train. Learn. Practice. Evaluate. Refine. Be ruthlessly self-critical, not in a masochistic way but to ensure you continue to work to improve every aspect of that one thing.

Financially successful people do at least one thing better than just about everyone around them. (Of course it helps if you pick something to be great at that the world also values–and will pay for.)

Excellence is its own reward, but excellence also commands higher pay–and greater respect, greater feelings of self-worth, greater fulfillment, a greater sense of achievement…all of which make you rich in non-monetary terms.

Win-win.

8. Then list the best people at that one thing…

How did you choose them? How did you determine who was the best? How did you measure their success?

Use those criteria to track your own progress towards becoming the best at what you choose.

If you’re a developer, it could be the number of people who use your software. If you’re a leader, it could be the number of people you train and mentor to reach their goals. If you’re an online retailer, it could be conversion rate or sales per transaction or on-time shipping…

Don’t just admire successful people. Take a close look at what makes them successful. Then use those criteria to help create your own measures of success. And then…

9. Then do more of what you do best.

Another benefit of building a team is that it allows you to do a lot more of what you do best.

Say you’re great at selling. Why perform admin tasks when your time is better spent with customers? Or maybe you’re great at creating awesome processes. Why spend time creating social-media marketing campaigns when you could be streamlining your distribution channel?

Every person has something they do that makes the biggest difference on their personal bottom lines. The most successful people find ways to do a lot more of that… and a lot less of everything else.

10. Relentlessly track your progress.

We tend to become what we measure, so track your progress at least once a week against your key measures.

Maybe you’ll measure how many people you help. Maybe you’ll measure how many customers you serve. Maybe you’ll check off the key steps on your journey to becoming the world’s best at the thing you chose.

More likely, you’ll measure a combination of these, and more.

11. Build routines that ensure your success.

Never forget that achieving a goal is based on creating routines. Say you want to write a 300-page book. That’s your goal. Your system to achieve that goal could be to write four pages a day — that’s your routine.

Thinking about your goal won’t get you to a finished manuscript, but sticking faithfully to your routine will.

Or say you want to land 50 new customers. That’s your goal; your routine is to contact a certain number of leads per day, check in with a certain number of current customers, network with a certain number of potential partners… your routine is what you will do, without fail, that will allow you to achieve your goal. Follow that routine and faithfully meet your deadlines and if your plan is great, you will land your new customers.

Wishing and hoping won’t get you there. Sticking to your routine will, especially when you ruthlessly measure your progress, fix what doesn’t work, and improve and repeat what does work. Success is almost guaranteed when you refine and revise and adapt and work hard every day to be better than you were yesterday.

And probably without even noticing, you’ll also be rich — and more importantly, a lot happier, because you’ll like how you got there.

***

Jeff Haden is a ghostwriter and Inc. Magazine columnist.

SOUTH EAST SOCIETY OF PROFESSIONALS LAUNCHES AMBITIOUS NDIIGBO VALUES INITIATIVE TO CHANGE VALUES AND ORIENTATION

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The South East Society of Professionals (SESOP) has launched the NdiIgbo Values Initiative (NVI) as an ambitious project to change values and the orientation of citizens in the South East geopolitical zone, primarily, and Nigeria in general. NdiIgbo Values Initiative took off at a ceremony held in Universal Hotel Enugu on Tuesday, December 19, 2017.

 

The NdiIgbo Values Initiative is a philosophical framework encapsulated in graphic reminders to pass on critical messages drawn from Igbo cosmology and values.

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NdiIgbo Values Initiative, according to Michael Orekyeh, Convener and Programme Coordinator of SESOP, is a clarion call on the Igbo to return to the values that distinguished them and set them on the path of progress and civilisation in the past. It is also a compass to values that would enable the Igbo to manage the challenges of living amid the complexities and the changing political and socio-economic realities of Nigeria for today and the future.

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Mahansa performing at the event

He stated: “There is an evident discard in the guiding values and ethics in Igboland. The internal guiding principles of Ndi-Igbo which we inherited as a culture from our forefathers have been eroded by our degenerating self-centred (not selfless) behaviours and aggressive love for money, which can be traced as a psychological after-effect of the Biafra War. And these values are sliding down an apparent slope and going from bad to worse, leaving a worrisome future for our future generations which must be corrected by efforts from as many quarters as possible”.

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Amarachi Atama, an Igbo Poet, performing at the event

The values are the work of a 14-person committee. Members include Obi Asika, Benedict Okafor, Dr. Ifedi Okwenna, Anne Addeh, Mr. Chineye Mba-Uzoukwu, Juliet Kego Ume-Onyido, Ngozi Nonyelu, Chika Omeje, Ifeoma Ngozi Malo, Apollonia Okuzu, Nneka Ezeugwa, Odinaka Ugwuozor, Obi Uruakpa.

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Juliet ‘Kego Ume-Onyido

Juliet Kego Ume-Onyido, one of the active members of SESOP, stated that the NdiIgbo Values Initiative targets all Igbo, home and in the Diaspora as a borderless race and group not bounded by geography. “The core target are the 65% youth demographic but also post-war generation, most of whom never heard of or experienced the initial renaissance of Ndi Igbo in Nigeria”.

Ume-Onyido added, “Igbo professionals are driving the NVI based on an awareness that we have collectively failed to speak out on behalf of our under-served masses. It also draws from a generation of Ndi Igbo who are willing to embrace more comprehensive perspectives/explore solutions of pre/post-war issues that affect us as a people.”

 

SESOP said it would distribute NVI posters, handbills and flyers to reach Ndi Igbo through towns unions, clubs and associations. It would deploy online using all available platforms.

The NVI commences with ten values. They are Ezi Okwu Bu Ndu (Integrity), Ako na uche, na uchu (Creativity), Igwe bu ike anyi (Collaboration and unity), Aku Luo Uno (Service), Ome Mgbe Oji Ka Ohi Mma (Discipline), and Egbe Belu Ugo Belu (Empathy). Others are Onye Aghana Nwanne (Loyalty), Isi m na mmụọ mụ juru oyi (Humility), Onwe m juru m afọ (Contentment) and ndụ mmadụ niile dị mkpa (Sanctity of life).

Orekyeh said SESOP as a non-political platform would seek to create awareness and adoption of the values by groups and individuals in Igboland in the manner the old Igbo State Union initially mobilised the people in the pursuit of education and Western civilisation beginning in the 1930s.

SESOP’s membership cuts across the diversity of professions and geographic locations of Ndigbo and includes Obi Asika, Chinenye Mba-Uzoukwu, Uche Onyemobi, Yvonne Mbanefo and Emeka Maduegbuna. Others are Chukwuemeka Fred Agbata, Appolonia Ukuzu, and Odinaka Ugwuozor. Also included are Uwakwe Azikiwe, Chioma Chigurl Omeruah, Nneka Moses, Muna Okam, Emeka Okoye, Chido Nwakanma, amongst many others.

 

Meet the First Female Governor of Abia State

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Dr Okezie Ikpeazu will today hand over the reins of power for 24 hours to 14-year old  Joy Ezechikamnayo.

The SS3 student and senior prefect of Intellectual Giants Christian Academy, Umuahia will be joined by members of her executive council drawn from all the Local Government Areas of Abia State.

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Born 18th March 2003, Joy Ezechikamnayo, is the first One Day Governor of Abia State and will be sworn in by Governor Okezie Victor Ikpeazu today.

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Governor Joy emerged as top performer after a rigorous essay competition that lasted over a week and she is currently attending a leadership retreat with members of her cabinet.

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The 20 top performers in the essay competition were designated as follows:

1st position-Governor
2nd position – Deputy Governor
3rd position – SSG
17 others are Commissioners

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It will be recalled that Abia State maintained top position in West Africa School Certificate Examinations for a consecutive 3 years leading to the emergence of the state as the number one state in Education in Nigeria.

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Products of Abia State Educational system are also remarkable top performance award winners at various international tertiary institutions including Europe and USA.

6 Rules To Record Smartphone Videos Like A Pro

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Smartphones with a good camera and the ability to record high definition videos are no longer difficult to find because you do not have to break the bank to get one. So, anyone can record videos. However, the question now is if you are shooting or recording your video the right way. It is important to ask this question since using poor video-making techniques will probably result in a poor video. In line with this, we share tips to record smartphone videos like a pro.

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1.Shoot horizontally

If you want people to watch your video in full on a computer screen, keep your smartphone horizontal when you are recording. Shooting a video clip with your phone upright may not be an issue because you are watching it on your device with a vertical screen. But when you watch that same video on a horizontal computer screen, you won’t enjoy it.

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2.Keep it steady

Hold your phone firmly with both hands, and lock your elbows into your body for stability. This will prevent shaky hands.

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3.Be conscious of light

If you want to shoot good videos, you need to know how to work with the available light and use it to your advantage. When shooting outside, find a position where the sun is evenly lighting the scene. If some parts of the shot appear too bright or too dark, find another angle that allows you to still achieve the shot.

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4.Get close to your subject

Staying physically close to your subject ensures better image quality, less digital noise and better focus in your videos.

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5.Always use the back camera

This may seem like an obvious rule, but it’s easy to forget. While front cameras have gotten more reliable, they have not yet reached the point where you can shoot decent videos with them. Unless you’re recording a short video of yourself, always use the back camera for your videos.

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6.Edit and share your videos

You can download free video editing apps to edit your videos. This will enhance the quality of your videos.

5 Common Mistakes Made in Resume Writing

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There are many reasons why people generally find it tasking to get job offers or invitations for interviews. One of such reasons is the fact that they make unforgivable mistakes when writing their resumes. Resumes are extremely important documents that should be written with the utmost detail and attention to avoid mistakes. Jumia Travel, the leading online travel agency, shares 5 common mistakes made in resume writing.

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1.Ignoring Keywords

We’re in the information and technology age, as a result, nowadays most resumes are reviewed electronically before they are seen by human eyes. It is, therefore, important to pay attention to keywords when writing your resume. For a good number of organizations or HR consultancy firms, the first round of culling resumes happens through keyword spotting with a hiring software, and if certain keywords are missing from your resume, it is unlikely to make it past the first round. Be sure to use keywords related to the industry you are interested in when writing your resume; use keywords in your job description; be sure to use keywords repeatedly from time to time (but try not to overdo it); and basically just ensure you include exact keywords in your resume and recognize their place in your industry.

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2.Being Too Lengthy

If you’re an average working class professional with less than half a decade of experience, it’s only appropriate for you to condense your resume down to a page or two pages at most.  When writing your resume, regardless of your years of experience or professional level, ensure you use words diligently and avoid being unnecessarily verbose. No hiring manager has the time to sift through ‘ramblings’ in your resume to get to the vital information needed to get you past the screening phase. As a result, you need to pay attention to your words and use them responsibly when writing your resume. Additionally, you can ask a family, friend or close contact with some experience in the area of resume writing to help review your resume and advise you on the parts that need to cut out, rephrased or paraphrased.

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3.Being Vague or Unclear

When hiring managers review you resume, one of the most important things that they are concerned with are your quantitative tasks and accomplishments. It can be detrimental to you to be vague about these when writing your resume. Even when putting descriptions about your former positions, you need to be specific with the details of what you accomplished in these positions. Try to put descriptions in your resume in terms of what you have accomplished, rather than simply listing titles and describing everyday tasks.

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4.Typographical and Grammatical Errors

This should be avoided at all cost because it makes the applicant seem careless and irresponsible, or worse, ignorant about correct grammatical terms and structuring. It sets a precedent for employers or hiring managers to draw very unflattering conclusions about your attitude and verbal, writing and grammatical skills. Your resume, therefore, needs to be grammatically perfect; and one way to achieve this is to go over it multiple times after writing it to correct errors. You can also give it to a friend, family or close contact with relevant experience to go over it and help correct errors.

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5.Cutting the Meat Out of Your Resume

The fact that you resume shouldn’t be too wordy, doesn’t mean it should be lacking relevant information. Be wise about the way you write your resume, and avoid cutting things short unnecessarily because you are trying to conform by all means to the one page standard. Just try as much as possible to give concise summaries of important information, but please don’t leave out important information because you are ‘trying to avoid being too wordy’.

4 Great Achievements of Ancient Africans Most People Don’t Know

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Despite suffering through slavery, oppression, mismanagement and a host of other vices, Africa is a continent that has fought to remain strong, admirable and formidable amidst suffering and oppression. One of such admirable aspects of Africa is its achievement in significant areas of life and work that many might not even be aware of.

We fill in this gap by sharing 4 great achievements of ancient Africans most people don’t know.

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1.Mathematical Achievements

Many modern high-school level concepts in mathematics were first developed in Africa. More than 35,000 years ago, Egyptians scripted textbooks that included basic mathematical concepts like division and multiplication of fractions and geometric formulas to calculate the area and volume of shapes. The ancient Egyptians were the ones who considered a circle to be 360 degrees and estimated pie at 3.16. They also calculated distances and angles, solved algebraic equations and carried out mathematically based predictions on the size of the floods of the Nile. In addition, eight thousand years ago, the people in present-day Zaire developed their own numeration system, as did the Yorubas in present-day Nigeria. The Yoruba numeration system was based on units of 20 (instead of 10), and scholars have lauded this because it required an impressive amount of abstract reasoning and subtraction to identify different numbers.

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2.Architecture and Engineering

Many ancient African societies built sophisticated environments. The Egyptians pyramids are very good examples of the engineering feats of ancient African societies. Later in the 12th century, in the far south, there were hundreds of great and architecturally brilliant cities built in Mozambique and Zimbabwe. Massive stone complexes were the hub of these cities, and one even included a 250-meter-long, 15,000-ton curved granite wall. The cities had huge castle-like compounds with numerous rooms for specific tasks like iron-smithing. In the 13th century, the Mali empire was another African society that boasted of impressive cities, including Timbuktu, with grand palaces, mosques and universities.

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Ancient Tanzanian Furnaces

3.Metallurgy and Tools

Some ancient African societies were responsible for a good number of the advances in metallurgy and tool making. Advances in Tanzania, Rwanda and Uganda between 1,500 and 2,000 years ago were believed to have surpassed those of the Europeans, and were astonishing to the Europeans when they learned of them. For example, Ancient Tanzanian furnaces could reach 1,800°C, which was 200 to 400°C warmer than those of the Romans.

 

Astronomical Achievements

It is believed that several ancient African cultures birthed discoveries in astronomy. Some of these discoveries are foundations on which the field of astronomy still relies on for footing, while some others were so advanced that their mode of discovery has still not been understood. Egyptians were responsible for a good number of these discoveries and they charted the movement of the sun, constellations and the cycles of the moon. They are believed to have divided the year into 12 parts and developed a yearlong calendar system containing 365 and a quarter days. They made their clocks with moving water and used sundial-like clocks.

Safety Education: Brand concludes Training in schools across Nigeria

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Pupils of Goshen Montessori School, Kubwa listening with rapt attention.

As part of its objective to intentionally groom a safety conscious generation, the Safety Chic project – an arm of Ulomka Multi solutions Ltd responsible for raising safety consciousness in people has concluded their East, West, North (EWN) nationwide safety tour, which began on the 28th September and ended on October 12, 2017.

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Students of St. Luke’s College, Nsukka

The tour is in line with their Corporate Social Responsibility programme – Train Them Young Initiative (2TYI) which entails school visitation to teach young people about Health and Safety, to boost Health Safety Environment (HSE) advocacy and increase awareness.

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Book reading session for pupils of Immaculate Conception Primary School, Abakpa Nike

Following the successful launch of The Adventures of Muna, a book designed to introduce and teach kids safety tips through stories and relatable characters authored by Ugochi Obidiegwu, the organisation believes that the best way to safeguard the future is to take this safety education to children.

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Students of Pro Labore Dei, Ibadan

The training kicked off in Lagos at the Topflight College, Ifako, and continued at the Pro Labore Dei, Ibadan.

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Topflight College, Ifako

The Northern tour birthed in Abuja with the book reading at Christ Chosen Group of schools, Beth Zatha Academy (Both in Gwarinpa) and Goshen Montessori School, Kubwa.

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Kids of Beth Zatha Academy Gwarinpa during the book reading session.

Next up was the Eastern tour which happened in three LGAs in Enugu – Enugu East, Enugu North and Nsukka. Book readings were held at Immaculate Conception Primary School, Abakpa-Nike and New Haven Primary School 2, while the safety trainings took place at St Luke’s College and St Cyprian’s Girls Secondary School (both in Nsukka), Government Secondary School, Abakaliki road, and Abakpa Girls Secondary School.

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At St. Cyprian’s Girls Secondary School, Nsukka

A special session was held for street kids in Enugu, in collaboration with the Straight Street Initiative.

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The Managing Partner of Ulomka Multi Solutions, Ugochi Obidiegwu, is satisfied with the outcome of the tour.

Speaking on the inspiration behind this move, the Managing Partner of Ulomka Multi Solutions Ltd, Ugochi Obidiegwu said:

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“I have been teaching children safety skills mostly in Lagos. However I wanted other children in other states to benefit because this knowledge is necessary for all kids irrespective of their locations, hence the plan to visit a few states representing different zones. There’s still so much work to be done but this is a start.”